Stroke is the most frequent neurological disease and also the most frequent cause of life-long impairment in adulthood. It is the most frequent cause of institutionalization, implying a change from a self-determined, independent life to extensive or complete dependence on others. The incidence of stroke increases with age, and from age 55 to beyond 85 in men and 65 to beyond 85 in women, the incidence increases almost linearly with every decade of age. In the year 2000, 16% of Germany’s population was older than 65. Due to demographic changes, this percentage is supposed to rise to 33% in the year 2030. These numbers are similar in other western European countries and impose a challenge on all health systems and institutional care. In Eastern Europe, the incidence rates are even higher. It is thus evident that improving daily functioning after stroke, which includes the improvement of cognitive function and monitoring health and social parameters, is a timely and critical challenge. These improvements will help stroke patients regain a life that is as independent as possible in their home environments.
Figure 1. EEG (electroencephalogrpahy) Cap.